Louis XIV and his minister Colbert protect the royal academies and create new ones: dance (1661), inscriptions and great literature, or “Petite Académie” (1663), sciences and academy of France in Rome, the future Villa Medici (1666), music (1669) and architecture (1671). Thereby, artists and scientists are serving the State. Members of the academies receive pensions from the king. Their works contribute to the development of the arts and sciences in France.